657-5 score answer(1)

The lecturer talks about research conducted by a firm that used the group system to handle their work. he says that the theory stated in the passage was very different and somewhat inaccurate when compared to what happened for real.

First, some members got free rides. That is, some didn't work hard but got recognition for the success nonetheless. This also indicates that people who worked hard was not given recognition they should have got. In other words, the weren't given the opportunity to "shine." This derectly contradicts what the passage indicates.

Second, groups were slow in progress. The passage says that groups are more responsive than individuals because of the number of people involved and their aggregated resources. However, the speaker talks about how the firm found out that groups were slower than individuals in dicision making. Groups needed more time for meeting, which are necessary procedures in decision making. This was another part where experience contradicted theory.

Third, influential people might emerge, and lead the group towards glory or failure. If the influent people are going in the right direction there would be no problem. But in cases where they go in the right direction there would be no problem. But in case where the go in the wrong direction, there is nobody that has enough influence to counter the decision made. In other words, the group might turn into a dictatorship, with the influential party as the leader, and might be less flexible in thinking. They might become one-sided, and thus fail to succeed.

Key phrases

research conducted by~
theory stated in the passage..
when compared to ~
slow in progress
this also indicate that ~
this directly contradicts what the passage indicates...
the passage says that~
people involved and
This was another part where experience contradicted theory
in other words



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